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AM Foundation No. 21 Ingredient References

Our formulations are created with carefully sourced, research-backed ingredients.

Beard, J., & Tobin, B. (2000). Iron status and exercise. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 72(2), 594S-597S.

Biesalski, H. K., & Tinz, J. (2017). Multivitamin/mineral supplements: Rationale and safety – A systematic review. Nutrition, 33, 76–82.

Blumberg, J. B., Frei, B. B., Fulgoni, V. L., Weaver, C. M., & Zeisel, S. H. (2017). Impact of Frequency of Multi-Vitamin/Multi-Mineral Supplement Intake on Nutritional Adequacy and Nutrient Deficiencies in U.S. Adults. Nutrients, 9(8), E849.

Darnton-Hill, I., Webb, P., Harvey, P. W., Hunt, J. M., Dalmiya, N., Chopra, M., Ball, M. J., Bloem, M. W., & de Benoist, B. (2005). Micronutrient deficiencies and gender: social and economic costs. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 81(5), 1198S-1205S.

De‐Regil, L. M., Peña‐Rosas, J. P., Fernández‐Gaxiola, A. C., & Rayco‐Solon, P. (2015). Effects and safety of periconceptional oral folate supplementation for preventing birth defects. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 12.

Kang, S., Lim, Y., Kim, Y. J., Jung, E. S., Suh, D. H., Lee, C. H., Park, E., Hong, J., Velliquette, R. A., Kwon, O., & Kim, J. Y. (2019). Multivitamin and Mineral Supplementation Containing Phytonutrients Scavenges Reactive Oxygen Species in Healthy Subjects: A Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Nutrients, 11(1), 101.

Levy, M. A., McKinnon, T., Goldfine, H., Enomoto, A., Schneider, E., & Cuomo, J. (2019). Consumption of a multivitamin/multimineral supplement for 4 weeks improves nutritional status and markers of cardiovascular health. Journal of Functional Foods, 62, 103511.

Li, K., Liu, C., Kuang, X., Deng, Q., Zhao, F., & Li, D. (2018). Effects of Multivitamin and Multimineral Supplementation on Blood Pressure: A Meta-Analysis of 12 Randomized Controlled Trials. Nutrients, 10(8), 1018.

Miller, E. M. (2014). Iron Status and Reproduction in US Women: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2006. PLOS ONE, 9(11), e112216.

Palmery, M., Saraceno, A., Vaiarelli, A., & Carlomagno, G. (2013). Oral contraceptives and changes in nutritional requirements. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences, 17(13), 1804–1813.

Sharma, P., Han, S. M., Gillies, N., Thorstensen, E. B., Goy, M., Barnett, M. P. G., Roy, N. C., Cameron-Smith, D., & Milan, A. M. (2020). Circulatory and Urinary B-Vitamin Responses to Multivitamin Supplement Ingestion Differ between Older and Younger Adults. Nutrients, 12(11), 3529.

Ward, E. (2014). Addressing nutritional gaps with multivitamin and mineral supplements. Nutrition Journal, 13, 72.

Xu, X., Shi, Z., Liu, G., Chang, D., Inglis, S. C., Hall, J. J., Schutte, A. E., Byles, J. E., & Parker, D. (2021). The Joint Effects of Diet and Dietary Supplements in Relation to Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease over a 10-Year Follow-Up: A Longitudinal Study of 69,990 Participants in Australia. Nutrients, 13(3), 944.