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Bloom PM Ingredient References

Our formulations are created with carefully sourced, research-backed ingredients.

Blumberg, J. B., Frei, B. B., Fulgoni, V. L., Weaver, C. M., & Zeisel, S. H. (2017). Impact of Frequency of Multi-Vitamin/Multi-Mineral Supplement Intake on Nutritional Adequacy and Nutrient Deficiencies in U.S. Adults. Nutrients, 9(8), E849.

De‐Regil, L. M., Peña‐Rosas, J. P., Fernández‐Gaxiola, A. C., & Rayco‐Solon, P. (2015). Effects and safety of periconceptional oral folate supplementation for preventing birth defects. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 12.

Keats, E. C., Haider, B. A., Tam, E., & Bhutta, Z. A. (2019). Multiple‐micronutrient supplementation for women during pregnancy. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2019(3), CD004905.

Khorasani, F., Aryan, H., Sobhi, A., Aryan, R., Abavi-Sani, A., Ghazanfarpour, M., Saeidi, M., & Rajab Dizavandi, F. (2020). A systematic review of the efficacy of alternative medicine in the treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: The Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 40(1), 10–19.

Korsmo, H. W., Jiang, X., & Caudill, M. A. (2019). Choline: Exploring the Growing Science on Its Benefits for Moms and Babies. Nutrients, 11(8), 1823.

McParlin, C., O’Donnell, A., Robson, S. C., Beyer, F., Moloney, E., Bryant, A., Bradley, J., Muirhead, C. R., Nelson-Piercy, C., Newbury-Birch, D., Norman, J., Shaw, C., Simpson, E., Swallow, B., Yates, L., & Vale, L. (2016). Treatments for Hyperemesis Gravidarum and Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnancy: A Systematic Review. JAMA, 316(13), 1392–1401.

Montgomery, K. S. (2002). Nutrition Column An Update on Water Needs during Pregnancy and Beyond. The Journal of Perinatal Education, 11(3), 40–42.

Nijsten, K., van der Minnen, L., Wiegers, H. M. G., Koot, M. H., Middeldorp, S., Roseboom, T. J., Grooten, I. J., & Painter, R. C. (2021). Hyperemesis gravidarum and vitamin K deficiency: a systematic review. The British Journal of Nutrition, 1–13.

Pérez-Jiménez, J., Neveu, V., Vos, F., & Scalbert, A. (2010). Identification of the 100 richest dietary sources of polyphenols: an application of the Phenol-Explorer database. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 64(3), S112–S120.

Slykerman, R. F., Hood, F., Wickens, K., Thompson, J. M. D., Barthow, C., Murphy, R., Kang, J., Rowden, J., Stone, P., Crane, J., Stanley, T., Abels, P., Purdie, G., Maude, R., & Mitchell, E. A. (2017). Effect of Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 in Pregnancy on Postpartum Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety: A Randomised Double-blind Placebo-controlled Trial. EBioMedicine, 24, 159–165.

Wickens, K. L., Barthow, C. A., Murphy, R., Abels, P. R., Maude, R. M., Stone, P. R., Mitchell, E. A., Stanley, T. V., Purdie, G. L., Kang, J. M., Hood, F. E., Rowden, J. L., Barnes, P. K., Fitzharris, P. F., & Crane, J. (2017). Early pregnancy probiotic supplementation with Lactobacillus rhamnosus HN001 may reduce the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus: a randomised controlled trial. The British Journal of Nutrition, 117(6), 804–813.

National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. Choline fact sheet for health professionals. Updated March 29, 2021.

National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. Folate fact sheet for health professionals. Updated March 29, 2021.

National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. Iron fact sheet for health professionals. Updated March 30, 2021.