C Complex Ingredient References

Our formulations are created with carefully sourced, research-backed ingredients.


Carr, A. C., & Maggini, S. (2017). Vitamin C and Immune Function. Nutrients, 9(11), E1211.

Lee, J.-K., Jung, S.-H., Lee, S.-E., Han, J.-H., Jo, E., Park, H.-S., Heo, K.-S., Kim, D., Park, J.-S., & Myung, C.-S. (2018). Alleviation of ascorbic acid-induced gastric high acidity by calcium ascorbate in vitro and in vivo. The Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology : Official Journal of the Korean Physiological Society and the Korean Society of Pharmacology, 22(1), 35–42.

Li, Y., Yao, J., Han, C., Yang, J., Chaudhry, M. T., Wang, S., Liu, H., & Yin, Y. (2016). Quercetin, Inflammation and Immunity. Nutrients, 8(3), 167.

Liugan, M., & Carr, A. C. (2019). Vitamin C and Neutrophil Function: Findings from Randomized Controlled Trials. Nutrients, 11(9), E2102.

Lv, X., Zhao, S., Ning, Z., Zeng, H., Shu, Y., Tao, O., Xiao, C., Lu, C., & Liu, Y. (2015). Citrus fruits as a treasure trove of active natural metabolites that potentially provide benefits for human health. Chemistry Central Journal, 9, 68.

Pullar, J. M., Carr, A. C., & Vissers, M. C. M. (2017). The Roles of Vitamin C in Skin Health. Nutrients, 9(8), E866.

National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. Vitamin C fact sheet for health professionals. Updated March 26, 2021