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Turmeric Ingredient References

Our formulations are created with carefully sourced, research-backed ingredients.

Anand, P., Kunnumakkara, A. B., Newman, R. A., & Aggarwal, B. B. (2007). Bioavailability of curcumin: problems and promises. Molecular Pharmaceutics, 4(6), 807–818.

Hewlings, S. J., & Kalman, D. S. (2017). Curcumin: A Review of Its’ Effects on Human Health. Foods, 6(10), 92.

Johri, R. K., Thusu, N., Khajuria, A., & Zutshi, U. (1992). Piperine-mediated changes in the permeability of rat intestinal epithelial cells. The status of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activity, uptake of amino acids and lipid peroxidation. Biochemical Pharmacology, 43(7), 1401–1407.

Singh, J., Dubey, R. K., & Atal, C. K. (1986). Piperine-mediated inhibition of glucuronidation activity in isolated epithelial cells of the guinea-pig small intestine: evidence that piperine lowers the endogeneous UDP-glucuronic acid content. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 236(2), 488–493.

Stohs, S. J., Chen, O., Ray, S. D., Ji, J., Bucci, L. R., & Preuss, H. G. (2020). Highly Bioavailable Forms of Curcumin and Promising Avenues for Curcumin-Based Research and Application: A Review. Molecules, 25(6), 1397.

NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. Turmeric. Updated May 2020