Turmeric Ingredient References

Our formulations are created with carefully sourced, research-backed ingredients.

Anand, P., Kunnumakkara, A. B., Newman, R. A., & Aggarwal, B. B. (2007). Bioavailability of curcumin: problems and promises. Molecular Pharmaceutics, 4(6), 807–818.

Hewlings, S. J., & Kalman, D. S. (2017). Curcumin: A Review of Its’ Effects on Human Health. Foods, 6(10), 92.

Jamwal, R. (2018). Bioavailable curcumin formulations: A review of pharmacokinetic studies in healthy volunteers. Journal of Integrative Medicine, 16(6), 367–374.

Johri, R. K., Thusu, N., Khajuria, A., & Zutshi, U. (1992). Piperine-mediated changes in the permeability of rat intestinal epithelial cells. The status of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activity, uptake of amino acids and lipid peroxidation. Biochemical Pharmacology, 43(7), 1401–1407.

Rao, P. J., Kolla, S. D., Elshaari, F., Elshaari, F., Awamy, H. E., Elfrady, M., Singh, R., Belkhier, A., Srikumar, S., Said, A. R., Dhopoide, S. J., Ramanujam, R., Elbarassi, I., Peela, L. T., & Argi, A. (2015). Effect of piperine on liver function of CF-1 albino mice. Infectious disorders drug targets, 15(2), 131–134.

Sasaki, H., Sunagawa, Y., Takahashi, K., Imaizumi, A., Fukuda, H., Hashimoto, T., Wada, H., Katanasaka, Y., Kakeya, H., Fujita, M., Hasegawa, K., & Morimoto, T. (2011). Innovative preparation of curcumin for improved oral bioavailability. Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 34(5), 660–665.

Singh, J., Dubey, R. K., & Atal, C. K. (1986). Piperine-mediated inhibition of glucuronidation activity in isolated epithelial cells of the guinea-pig small intestine: evidence that piperine lowers the endogeneous UDP-glucuronic acid content. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 236(2), 488–493.

Stohs, S. J., Chen, O., Ray, S. D., Ji, J., Bucci, L. R., & Preuss, H. G. (2020). Highly Bioavailable Forms of Curcumin and Promising Avenues for Curcumin-Based Research and Application: A Review. Molecules, 25(6), 1397.

Zheng, B., Peng, S., Zhang, X., & McClements, D. J. (2018). Impact of Delivery System Type on Curcumin Bioaccessibility: Comparison of Curcumin-Loaded Nanoemulsions with Commercial Curcumin Supplements. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 66(41), 10816–10826.