The Wavelength

How Long Does A Hangover Last? Symptoms & Solutions

Hangovers are just as much a part of the drinking culture as the drinks themselves. However, no matter how enjoyable a night of drinking may seem, the after-effects of indulging in too much alcohol can be hard to ignore. From headache and nausea to a lack of appetite and even memory loss, the symptoms of a hangover can range from mild to severe.

Despite this, most of us have experienced the feeling of being "hungover" at some point in our lives. And with so much noise out there about what's good and bad for you, it can be hard to know exactly what to expect when you wake up feeling like you've been hit by a truck. So how long does a hangover last? Well, the answer may not be a simple one, but we've got you covered...

What Is A Hangover And Its Symptoms?

Woman with hangover

A hangover is the unpleasant after-effect of drinking alcohol, and its symptoms can range from mild to debilitating. Common symptoms include fatigue, headache, muscle aches, nausea, stomach pain, weakness, thirst, vertigo, sensitivity to light and sound, anxiety, irritability, sweating, and increased blood pressure.

What Causes A Hangover?

The physiological effects of alcohol on the body are myriad and complex. Here are some of the factors that can contribute to hangovers:

  • Dehydration - Alcohol is a diuretic, meaning that it causes increased urine production and dehydration. This dehydration can lead to symptoms like headache, dry mouth, and fatigue.
  • Poor Sleep - Many people fall asleep quickly after drinking, only to wake up multiple times throughout the night (even if they don't realize they're doing so). Alcohol disrupts restorative sleep cycles, leading to fatigue and decreased productivity.
  • Gut Irritation - Alcohol irritates the lining of your GI tract and can lead to stomach upset, nausea, and digestive symptoms.
  • Inflammation - Alcohol can cause inflammation in the body, leading to swelling, pain, and irritation.
  • Electrolyte Imbalance - Electrolytes are key for hydration, energy, and more. The diuretic effect of alcohol can negatively affect electrolyte balance in the body.
  • Acetaldehyde - When the liver metabolizes alcohol, it creates a toxic byproduct called acetaldehyde. The buildup of this toxin in the body can lead to inflammation in the body and many of the unpleasant symptoms we experience as a hangover.

All of these effects combine to create the unpleasant symptoms we associate with a hangover. But understanding the physiological causes of a hangover can help us take steps to prevent and alleviate its effects, making the morning after a night of drinking a little bit easier to bear.

Factors That Impact How Long A Hangover Lasts

Man looking at watch

If you're someone who enjoys an occasional drink, you've probably asked yourself the same question at least once: just how long does a hangover last?

Although the answer depends on many factors and is different for everyone, usually the symptoms can last anywhere from 6 to 24 hours. There are cases where a hangover can last up to 72 hours, but those are extremely rare.

There are several factors that impact how long a hangover lasts. First off, the amount of alcohol consumed plays a significant role, and so does whether or not you've eaten beforehand. The more you drink, and if you drink on an empty stomach, the more severe the hangover might be and the longer it may last. On average, a healthy adult will process approximately one alcoholic drink per hour. Drinking more than this may cause your liver to struggle and may lead to a much-altered hangover experience.

The type of alcohol can also have an effect. Clear spirits like vodka and gin tend to cause less severe symptoms than darker liquids like brandy and whiskey. Dehydration also plays a major role in prolonging a hangover, so it's important to stay hydrated by drinking water before, during, and after drinking. Finally, genetics is a factor, as some people are more prone to hangovers than others. Things like age, body weight, gender, and alcohol tolerance all play a role as well.

Strategies To Help Reduce The Effects Of A Hangover

We've all been there before. A night of drinking leaves you feeling nauseous, headache-prone, and just downright miserable the next day. But instead of wallowing in regret, there may be things you can do to take control of your hangover.

While there's no miracle solution to cure a hangover – do yourself a favor and skip the "hair of the dog" – there are plenty of tried-and-true methods that may help you feel better faster. From rehydrating your body with water and electrolytes, to eating nutrient-dense foods that can replenish your depleted body, to nourishing your overworked liver with liver supportive supplements, there's no shortage of options that can offer some relief and possibly shorten the duration of your hangover. With a little bit of effort, patience, and some self-care, you'll be back to feeling like yourself in no time.

Person refreshed

Can You Prevent A Hangover?

Hangovers can be uncomfortable and unbearable, but what you choose to do in the hours before, during, or after your night of drinking can also play a significant role in how long your hangover lasts. So, with the right prevention strategies, you might be able to avoid or lessen the severity of these unpleasant experiences.

One strategy to consider is staying hydrated by drinking plenty of water before and during your alcoholic beverage consumption. A good rule of thumb is to drink at least one glass of water after each drink. Proactively drinking electrolytes can also be beneficial to help maintain hydration levels and avoid mineral depletion.

Taking certain supplements before you drink may also help equip your body with the nutrients it needs to metabolize alcohol efficiently. For example, antioxidants like Vitamin C, N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), and Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) can help protect against toxic acetaldehyde buildup and reduce exposure time to the toxin. There are also certain nutrients like milk thistle and prickly pear which can support optimal liver function while drinking.

Another tip is to avoid sugary mixed drinks and stick to lighter, clearer spirits like vodka or gin. Eating a healthy, balanced meal before drinking can also help reduce the effects of alcohol on your body. If you enjoy the occasional night out, try these prevention strategies so that you can enjoy your drinks responsibly while minimizing the negative effects on your body.

Woman sipping water

The Bottom Line

So, how long does a hangover last? It's not a black and white answer. While there is always a standard duration of 6 to 24 hours for an average hangover, the experience of each individual can vary based on a range of factors. In general, however, practicing good self-care habits before, during and after drinking can shorten the duration of your hangover and avoid severe symptoms altogether. Remember, drink in moderation, stay hydrated, and take care of yourself. Cheers to a better morning!