AM Foundation No. 31 Ingredient References

Our formulations are created with carefully sourced, research-backed ingredients.

Bailey, R. L., Fakhouri, T. H., Park, Y., Dwyer, J. T., Thomas, P. R., Gahche, J. J., Miller, P. E., Dodd, K. W., Sempos, C. T., & Murray, D. M. (2015). Multivitamin-Mineral Use Is Associated with Reduced Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Mortality among Women in the United States. The Journal of Nutrition, 145(3), 572–578.

Biesalski, H. K., & Tinz, J. (2017). Multivitamin/mineral supplements: Rationale and safety – A systematic review. Nutrition, 33, 76–82.

Blumberg, J. B., Frei, B. B., Fulgoni, V. L., Weaver, C. M., & Zeisel, S. H. (2017). Impact of Frequency of Multi-Vitamin/Multi-Mineral Supplement Intake on Nutritional Adequacy and Nutrient Deficiencies in U.S. Adults. Nutrients, 9(8), E849.

Forman, J. P., Rimm, E. B., Stampfer, M. J., & Curhan, G. C. (2005). Folate Intake and the Risk of Incident Hypertension Among US Women. JAMA, 293(3), 320–329.

Kang, S., Lim, Y., Kim, Y. J., Jung, E. S., Suh, D. H., Lee, C. H., Park, E., Hong, J., Velliquette, R. A., Kwon, O., & Kim, J. Y. (2019). Multivitamin and Mineral Supplementation Containing Phytonutrients Scavenges Reactive Oxygen Species in Healthy Subjects: A Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Nutrients, 11(1), 101.

Levy, M. A., McKinnon, T., Goldfine, H., Enomoto, A., Schneider, E., & Cuomo, J. (2019). Consumption of a multivitamin/multimineral supplement for 4 weeks improves nutritional status and markers of cardiovascular health. Journal of Functional Foods, 62, 103511.

Li, K., Liu, C., Kuang, X., Deng, Q., Zhao, F., & Li, D. (2018). Effects of Multivitamin and Multimineral Supplementation on Blood Pressure: A Meta-Analysis of 12 Randomized Controlled Trials. Nutrients, 10(8), 1018.

Maltais, M. L., Desroches, J., & Dionne, I. J. (2009). Changes in muscle mass and strength after menopause. Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions, 9(4), 186–197.

Milart, P., Woźniakowska, E., & Wrona, W. (2018). Selected vitamins and quality of life in menopausal women. Przegla̜d Menopauzalny = Menopause Review, 17(4), 175–179.

Reider, C. A., Chung, R.-Y., Devarshi, P. P., Grant, R. W., & Hazels Mitmesser, S. (2020). Inadequacy of Immune Health Nutrients: Intakes in US Adults, the 2005–2016 NHANES. Nutrients, 12(6), 1735.

Sharma, P., Han, S. M., Gillies, N., Thorstensen, E. B., Goy, M., Barnett, M. P. G., Roy, N. C., Cameron-Smith, D., & Milan, A. M. (2020). Circulatory and Urinary B-Vitamin Responses to Multivitamin Supplement Ingestion Differ between Older and Younger Adults. Nutrients, 12(11), 3529.

Ward, E. (2014). Addressing nutritional gaps with multivitamin and mineral supplements. Nutrition Journal, 13, 72.

Xu, X., Shi, Z., Liu, G., Chang, D., Inglis, S. C., Hall, J. J., Schutte, A. E., Byles, J. E., & Parker, D. (2021). The Joint Effects of Diet and Dietary Supplements in Relation to Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease over a 10-Year Follow-Up: A Longitudinal Study of 69,990 Participants in Australia. Nutrients, 13(3), 944.