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Essential Aminos Ingredient References

Our formulations are created with carefully sourced, research-backed ingredients.

Drummond, M. J., & Rasmussen, B. B. (2008). Leucine-enriched nutrients and the regulation of mammalian target of rapamycin signalling and human skeletal muscle protein synthesis. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, 11(3), 222–226.

Matsui, Y., Takayanagi, S., Ohira, T., Watanabe, M., Murano, H., Furuhata, Y., & Miyakawa, S. (2019). Effect of a leucine-enriched essential amino acids mixture on muscle recovery. Journal of Physical Therapy Science, 31(1), 95–101.

Moberg, M., Apró, W., Ekblom, B., van Hall, G., Holmberg, H.-C., & Blomstrand, E. (2016). Activation of mTORC1 by leucine is potentiated by branched-chain amino acids and even more so by essential amino acids following resistance exercise. American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology, 310(11), C874-884.

Nie, C., He, T., Zhang, W., Zhang, G., & Ma, X. (2018). Branched Chain Amino Acids: Beyond Nutrition Metabolism. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 19(4), 954.

Pedroso, J. A. B., Zampieri, T. T., & Donato, J. (2015). Reviewing the Effects of l-Leucine Supplementation in the Regulation of Food Intake, Energy Balance, and Glucose Homeostasis. Nutrients, 7(5), 3914–3937.

Volpi, E., Kobayashi, H., Sheffield-Moore, M., Mittendorfer, B., & Wolfe, R. R. (2003). Essential amino acids are primarily responsible for the amino acid stimulation of muscle protein anabolism in healthy elderly adults. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 78(2), 250–258.

Walker, D. K., Dickinson, J. M., Timmerman, K. L., Drummond, M. J., Reidy, P. T., Fry, C. S., Gundermann, D. M., & Rasmussen, B. B. (2011). Exercise, amino acids, and aging in the control of human muscle protein synthesis. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(12), 2249–2258.

Weijzen, M. E. G., van Gassel, R. J. J., Kouw, I. W. K., Trommelen, J., Gorissen, S. H. M., van Kranenburg, J., Goessens, J. P. B., van de Poll, M. C. G., Verdijk, L. B., & van Loon, L. J. C. (2022). Ingestion of Free Amino Acids Compared with an Equivalent Amount of Intact Protein Results in More Rapid Amino Acid Absorption and Greater Postprandial Plasma Amino Acid Availability Without Affecting Muscle Protein Synthesis Rates in Young Adults in a Double-Blind Randomized Trial. The Journal of Nutrition, 152(1), 59–67.

Williams, M. (2005). Dietary Supplements and Sports Performance: Amino Acids. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 2(2), 63.