Gut Health Ingredient References

Our formulations are created with carefully sourced, research-backed ingredients.

Basch, E., Ulbricht, C., Hammerness, P., & Vora, M. (2003). Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis L.) monograph. Journal of Herbal Pharmacotherapy, 3(3), 71–81.

Davison, G., Marchbank, T., March, D. S., Thatcher, R., & Playford, R. J. (2016). Zinc carnosine works with bovine colostrum in truncating heavy exercise-induced increase in gut permeability in healthy volunteers. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 104(2), 526–536.

Kong, S., Zhang, Y. H., & Zhang, W. (2018). Regulation of Intestinal Epithelial Cells Properties and Functions by Amino Acids. BioMed Research International, 2018, 2819154.

Li, N., Lewis, P., Samuelson, D., Liboni, K., & Neu, J. (2004). Glutamine regulates Caco-2 cell tight junction proteins. American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, 287(3), G726-733.

Mahmood, A., FitzGerald, A. J., Marchbank, T., Ntatsaki, E., Murray, D., Ghosh, S., & Playford, R. J. (2007). Zinc carnosine, a health food supplement that stabilises small bowel integrity and stimulates gut repair processes. Gut, 56(2), 168–175.

Rao, R., & Samak, G. (2012). Role of Glutamine in Protection of Intestinal Epithelial Tight Junctions. Journal of Epithelial Biology & Pharmacology, 5(Suppl 1-M7), 47–54.

Rees, W. D., Rhodes, J., Wright, J. E., Stamford, L. F., & Bennett, A. (1979). Effect of deglycyrrhizinated liquorice on gastric mucosal damage by aspirin. Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, 14(5), 605–607.

NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. Licorice Root. Updated August 2020.

NIH National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. Aloe Vera. Updated August 2020.

MedlinePlus, U.S. National Library of Medicine. Slippery Elm. Updated August 11, 2021.