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PM Foundation No. 41 Ingredient References

Our formulations are created with carefully sourced, research-backed ingredients.

Ávila-Román, J., Soliz-Rueda, J. R., Bravo, F. I., Aragonès, G., Suárez, M., Arola-Arnal, A., Mulero, M., Salvadó, M.-J., Arola, L., Torres-Fuentes, C., & Muguerza, B. (2021). Phenolic compounds and biological rhythms: Who takes the lead? Trends in Food Science & Technology, 113, 77–85.

Biesalski, H. K., & Tinz, J. (2017). Multivitamin/mineral supplements: Rationale and safety – A systematic review. Nutrition, 33, 76–82.

Blumberg, J. B., Frei, B. B., Fulgoni, V. L., Weaver, C. M., & Zeisel, S. H. (2017). Impact of Frequency of Multi-Vitamin/Multi-Mineral Supplement Intake on Nutritional Adequacy and Nutrient Deficiencies in U.S. Adults. Nutrients, 9(8), E849.

Gonçalves, A. C., Nunes, A. R., Falcão, A., Alves, G., & Silva, L. R. (2021). Dietary Effects of Anthocyanins in Human Health: A Comprehensive Review. Pharmaceuticals, 14(7), 690.

Kang, S., Lim, Y., Kim, Y. J., Jung, E. S., Suh, D. H., Lee, C. H., Park, E., Hong, J., Velliquette, R. A., Kwon, O., & Kim, J. Y. (2019). Multivitamin and Mineral Supplementation Containing Phytonutrients Scavenges Reactive Oxygen Species in Healthy Subjects: A Randomized, Double-Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Nutrients, 11(1), 101.

Pérez-Jiménez, J., Neveu, V., Vos, F., & Scalbert, A. (2010). Identification of the 100 richest dietary sources of polyphenols: an application of the Phenol-Explorer database. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 64(3), S112–S120.

Ward, E. (2014). Addressing nutritional gaps with multivitamin and mineral supplements. Nutrition Journal, 13, 72.

Wilking, M., Ndiaye, M., Mukhtar, H., & Ahmad, N. (2013). Circadian Rhythm Connections to Oxidative Stress: Implications for Human Health. Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, 19(2), 192–208.

National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements. Multivitamin/mineral supplements fact sheet for health professionals. Updated October 12, 2021.